GENITAL WARTS

What are Genital Warts

Genital warts are small fleshy growths, bumps or skin changes that appear on or around the genital or anal area result of a viral skin infection caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV). They are usually painless and do not pose a serious threat to health. A person can have a single wart or clusters of multiple warts that grow together to form a kind of “cauliflower” appearance.

 

Warts in women

The most common places for genital warts to develop in women are:

  • around the vulva (the opening of the vagina)
  • on the cervix (the neck of the womb)
  • inside the vagina
  • around or inside the anus
  • on the upper thighs

Warts in men

The most common places for genital warts to develop in men are:

  • anywhere on the penis
  • on the scrotum
  • inside the urethra (tube where urine comes out)
  • around or inside the anus
  • on the upper thighs

 

Treatment

There are two main types of treatment for genital warts:

  • applying a cream, lotion or chemical to the warts (topical treatment)
  • destroying the tissue of the warts by freezing, heating or removing them (physical ablation). There are four main methods used in the physical ablation of genital warts. They are: cryotherapy, excision, electrosurgery, laser surgery.